High cholesterol is a very common medical condition which is chronic in nature. Some people who get affected by high cholesterol may have to deal with it throughout their life.
Health Issues Linked With High Cholesterol And How To Control It?
High cholesterol usually limits the proper flow of blood which can lead to different types of cardiovascular conditions. It has also been proven that high cholesterol can result in diabetes and high blood pressure.
Below are five major health issues related to high cholesterol.
Coronary Heart Disease
One of the major risks of having high cholesterol is the risk of coronary heart disease. When your cholesterol levels are high, it results in your artery walls getting clogged with cholesterol. This build up is known as plaque which over a period of time makes your arteries hard and narrow. As a result, it slows the flow of blood to the heart muscle. If in case the blood vessels get blocked completely, an individual can suffer a heart attack.
Atherosclerosis is a condition which occurs when the arteries get clogged and become narrow. As a result, people suffering from high cholesterol have a risk of suffering a stroke if the blood vessel to the brain gets completely blocked.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral vascular disease include diseases of blood vessels which are situated outside the brain and heart. In people with high cholesterol, there is a high risk of artery walls getting clogged with the fatty deposits which can have a negative impact on the blood circulation. This risk is often seen in arteries leading to the legs and feet.
Every human body has both good cholesterol (HDL) as well as bad cholesterol (LDL). If an individual is suffering from diabetes, it can disrupt the balance between HDL and LDL. In diabetic patients, the LDL particles tend to stick to the arteries, thus, causing easy damage to the walls of the blood vessel. The excess glucose levels remain for a longer period of time in the bloodstream and eventually result in build up of plaque. Diabetic patients often have low levels of HDL which can increase the risk of diseases related to the heart and artery.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure which is also commonly known as hypertension is closely associated with high cholesterol. As the arteries become hard and narrow due to the formation and build up of plaque and calcium, it becomes difficult for the heart to pump blood through those arteries. This results in high blood pressure which again has a number of heart diseases linked to it.
In most of the cases, it is possible to control your high cholesterol levels by making some important lifestyle changes. Some of those changes include:
If you notice that your cholesterol levels are not coming down even after making these lifestyle changes, then it is best to consult a doctor who can prescribe the right medication for it.
The combination of these prescribed medications and healthy lifestyle will definitely help in keeping your cholesterol levels under control.