Cholesterol

What Are The Health Issues Linked With High Cholesterol And Ways To Control It?

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High cholesterol is a very common medical condition which is chronic in nature. Some people who get affected by high cholesterol may have to deal with it throughout their life.

High cholesterol usually limits the proper flow of blood which can lead to different types of cardiovascular conditions.  It has also been proven that high cholesterol can result in diabetes and high blood pressure.

What Are The Health Issues Linked With High Cholesterol

Below are five major health issues related to high cholesterol.

Coronary Heart Disease

One of the major risks of having high cholesterol is the risk of coronary heart disease. When your cholesterol levels are high, it results in your artery walls getting clogged with cholesterol. This build up is known as plaque which over a period of time makes your arteries hard and narrow. As a result, it slows the flow of blood to the heart muscle. If in case the blood vessels get blocked completely, an individual can suffer a heart attack.

Stroke

Atherosclerosis is a condition which occurs when the arteries get clogged and become narrow. As a result, people suffering from high cholesterol have a risk of suffering a stroke if the blood vessel to the brain gets completely blocked.

Peripheral Vascular Disease

Peripheral vascular disease include diseases of blood vessels which are situated outside the brain and heart. In people with high cholesterol, there is a high risk of artery walls getting clogged with the fatty deposits which can have a negative impact on the blood circulation. This risk is often seen in arteries leading to the legs and feet.

Diabetes

Every human body has both good cholesterol (HDL) as well as bad cholesterol (LDL). If an individual is suffering from diabetes, it can disrupt the balance between HDL and LDL. In diabetic patients, the LDL particles tend to stick to the arteries, thus, causing easy damage to the walls of the blood vessel. The excess glucose levels remain for a longer period of time in the bloodstream and eventually result in build up of plaque. Diabetic patients often have low levels of HDL which can increase the risk of diseases related to the heart and artery.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure which is also commonly known as hypertension is closely associated with high cholesterol. As the arteries become hard and narrow due to the formation and build up of plaque and calcium, it becomes difficult for the heart to pump blood through those arteries. This results in high blood pressure which again has a number of heart diseases linked to it.

In most of the cases, it is possible to control your high cholesterol levels by making some important lifestyle changes. Some of those changes include:

How To Control The Health Issues Due To High Cholestrol?
  • Always ensure that you eat a healthy and balanced diet. Avoid including bad fats and replace them with healthy fats derived from olive oil, cheese, eggs, fatty fishes, nuts, etc. By reducing the consumption of saturated fats, you will be able to reduce the level of bad cholesterol.
  • Having a sedentary lifestyle is one of the most common causes of high cholesterol. It is important to indulge in physical workouts on a regular basis so that you can maintain your cholesterol levels. You should ideally workout for at least 30 minutes in a day. You can easily achieve this by including a morning walk in your daily lifestyle. You can also join a gym if you are interested in a more vigorous physical workout.
  • Another major cause of bad cholesterol levels is obesity which is also responsible for a number of other health conditions. This is why it is extremely important to follow a diligent workout regime as well as maintain a healthy and balanced diet. It is best to avoid sugary drinks and junk food.
  • Smoking is another habit which should be avoided at all costs if you wish to keep your cholesterol levels under control. Once you quit smoking, over a period of time you will notice that your HDL levels have increased. You will also notice other benefits such as improvement in your blood circulation, better functioning of your lungs, reduced risk of heart diseases, etc.
  • If you are someone who consumes alcohol, then it is best to monitor your consumption and ensure that you imbibe it in moderation only. Over drinking of alcohol will result in unnecessary health conditions such as high blood pressure, stroke, etc.

If you notice that your cholesterol levels are not coming down even after making these lifestyle changes, then it is best to consult a doctor who can prescribe the right medication for it.

The combination of these prescribed medications and healthy lifestyle will definitely help in keeping your cholesterol levels under control.

Dr. David J Thoreau is a Health professional born and bought up in Australia. He is a trained cardiologist and a passionate blogger too. David got involved in the medical field as a heart specialist at the start of 2000. But he never gave up on his passion and dedicated some time to study all the pieces of blogging along with the profession. Now he decided to devote the rest of his life to blogging. So he teamed up with the medical counsel, a complete and genuine health-related blog.

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