Diabetes

Symptoms Of Diabetes Type 2 In Adults – Things You Should Take Care Of!

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We live in 2020, where the technology has risen and the life of human beings has become easier than how it was earlier. Each day the technology is just cruising forward with new inventions. Along with this technology, the lifestyle of people has changed gradually. The diabetes disease has become common among people these days despite the age factor.

Diabetes is a condition when our body cannot make insulin by itself anymore. Thus, the glucose level in the blood will be higher. This condition will lead to a serious health problem medications, proper diet and sleep are not taken in time. Some of the risk factors that lead to Diabetes are Obesity, hereditary, lifestyle, hypertension, low levels of good cholesterol and elevated levels of triglycerides.

Symptoms Of Diabetes Type 2 In Adults

When someone has Diabetes Type 2, the glucose present in the blood won't be able to be used by the body. This glucose is also called as blood sugar and if left unbothered for a longer period will result in nerve disorder, kidney malfunction, impaired visibility and heart disease. People are asymptomatic and do not notice their minor symptoms. Even if they experience these signs, they do not take it seriously. So, it is highly recommended to consult a doctor before the situation worsens.

Today we will discuss the symptoms of Diabetes Type 2 that can be seen when the body changes the way in which sugar is metabolized. You can have the below-listed signs but you would not understand or don't even think about having a Diabetes condition.

Diabetes is a slow destructing disease that initially does not show any symptoms at all but in the later stage of life, we realize that we should have taken care of.

There are various factors that might increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. Let us discuss them below:

  • Overweighed: Being overweight or obese has been one of the riskiest factors that will lead you to Type 2 Diabetes. It is not necessary that you have to be fat to develop the Type 2 Diabetes but eating a lot of unhealthy processed foods and junkies will ease the thing.
  • Accumulated fat: If the belly has a considerably large amount of fat stuffed below your skin, the risk factor to have Type 2 Diabetes is comparatively high as compared to fat stacked around hip or thighs. If you have a waist of around 35-40 inches, then the risk is very high for you to be prone to Diabetes type 2 disease.
  • Nobody moves: The risk of Type Diabetes goes beyond expectations if you are a person who does not have an active time to burn your body fat. Increasing your idle time doing nothing and consider yourself a dead man after suffering a terrific life with diabetes. Physical fitness will improve your health by burning fat cells, using glucose for energy and activating your cells to connect with insulin.
  • Hereditary: If your parent or siblings are having Diabetes then you will be at risk of having it too.
  • Race: I still do not know why but people of certain races are said to be prone to develop Type 2 Diabetes than the white people. Those who are more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes than white people include, Hispanic, Blacks, American Indians and Asian American people.
  • Age: When you get older, your chances of getting Type 2 Diabetes disease is always higher especially if you're a person older than 45 years of age. The reason why people increase this risk is that they tend to spend very less time on exercise and thus they lose their body mass and gain weight. Diabetes has been common now and you can see it among children, adolescents and adults equally.
  • Prediabetes: This is a stage that will help you decide whether you have to control and stop being stuck as a diabetic or else stop caring about anything and just go with the flow. Prediabetes condition will show you that your blood sugar level is higher than the usual normal level, something not so high enough to be considered as diabetes. If your prediabetic condition is left untreated, it is a sure thing that you must take precautions that will not progress you to the Type 2 Diabetes level easily.
  • Gestational diabetes: If you are a woman who had finished the delivery and had gestational diabetes at that time, your chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes are higher. If you are a woman who gave birth to a baby weighing around 4 kilograms, you're also a Type 2 Diabetes risk-taker.
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome: This is seen among women who deal with irregular mensural period and excess hair growth. This common condition increases the risk of diabetes.
  • Darkened skin on the body: This condition is due to insulin resistance. People will have a discoloration near armpit, neck and groins. Their risk is going to be higher and they must be able to bring the diabetes level stable so this color might leave soon from their body.
risk of type 2 diabetes

Symptoms

1

Frequent Urination

When the kidney cannot handle the excess amount of glucose in our body, it releases them to be part of the urine. Blood sugar is the reason people will have a tendency to urinate at regular intervals. This will keep you wondering when excess urination will be part of you and you will never have a clue if you have diabetes. This extreme temptation of urination is termed as polyuria.

Genital area itching is also caused due to high glucose level. Regular yeast infection might be due to diabetes infection. There will be a considerably higher amount of glucose in your blood.

2

Thirst abnormality

The next symptom that a Diabetes affected person will go through is by having a surge of thirst. There will be a want of having a considerably high amount of water to drink. This increase in thirst is due to the high level of glucose in the blood that is uncontrollable and it has reached its peak to overload the blood with it. That's when these uncalculated events happen.

3

Hungry 24x7

 

Even after you eat a heavy breakfast, lunch or dinner, within a matter of time you start to feel that your stomach has become empty. The intensity of hunger is due to the blood sugar levels have increased to an abnormal level and you are just feeling puzzled about why you are hungry again within a very short time after eating your meal. The glucose in your blood is fed by the body to the cells. There will be persistence of hunger when the glucose cannot be absorbed by the cells to produce energy. You will feel hungry very shortly and it is high time you start being sensible that seeing a doctor and taking his prescription will be the best thing you could do before the situation becomes severe. 

4

Sudden weight loss

You will have reduced your weight without any control over food or any other reason. This will be a sign that your body is not able to control the level of sugar in your body. There will be a huge amount of glucose scattered through your blood and it will be secreted through urine. This process where a huge amount of glucose gets out of the body through urine results in weight loss. This is the warning of a high level of diabetes you need to be cautious about. Without even knowing this, you will be trying to eat more and more, to suppress your hunger.

5

Nerve pain, numb feeling

Tingling under your hands, feet, toe and fingers will be experienced as an early sign of diabetes. This is a sign of having damaged nerves and can be called as diabetic neuropathy. This is a condition that remains in your body, developing slowly. So experiencing it will be very late after having diabetes in your blood for so many years. But for some of them, this will be one of the early signs of having diabetes in their blood.

6

Sores or wounds that are unhealed easily

Cuts and wounds in life are unavoidable as it is obvious to happen in a busy life. But if you have diabetes and gets a cut, then it might harm you depending upon how high your blood sugar level has gone up. The blood sugar level narrows down the blood vessels over time and this restricts the oxygen to reach the wound. This restriction of oxygen is due to poor circulation of the blood all over the body.  As the level goes higher the healing process gets slowed down and it does not heal well at all or never heals at all. This will lead to an infection that could spread to body tissue or bone where the wound is. It turns out to be more dangerous when there is no proper emergency care available.

If the condition is not cared well, especially if you have a wound or sore on the foot, an infection will have an adverse fatal effect. No proper blood circulation means it will worsen the infection that will put you in a situation of facing amputation. Taking utmost care will have our diabetes level stabilized.

If the body's defense mechanism has been severely damaged, then it is a very difficult situation and handling it will be very disastrous.

7

Fatigue

This happens when the blood sugar levels are high. It can also be due to other symptoms or related complications. Lifestyle change is essential if there must be any change to occur. If fatigue and tiredness are compared, they both are different. Tiredness goes when proper rest is taken. But taking rest does not take away exhaustion caused by fatigue. Fatigue caused by diabetes may be by changes in blood sugar level, other diabetes symptoms, diabetes complications, emotional issues caused by diabetes or obesity.

8

Blurred vision

Blurred vision begins when the blood sugar levels are high and it causes swelling on the lens of the eye. This will either make the person blind if the situation is intense or the person will have difficulty understanding the object in front. Sometimes the situation will be temporary and can vanish. Blurred vision is also considered as a warning that comes first. Vision becomes stable if the sugar level is normalized. Starting the insulin treatment will also have a blurry vision.

Diabetic retinopathy is the disease of the eye causing vision blurriness. Macular edema and proliferative retinopathy are the two types.

Macula gives us sharp vision and it is a part of the retina. Macular edema condition happens when the macula is seen swollen after the fluids leak into it. Proliferative retinopathy occurs when blood vessels leak into the central part of the eye. Your night vision might also be troubled and you would have a blurry feel before any of these problems are experienced.

If blurry vision plays a part in deteriorating your health through diabetes, it could also be because of Glaucoma that damages your optic nerve due to the pressure in your eye.

A cataract is another vision blurring condition that people with diabetes start to develop at a younger age than other adults. It will have your vision clouded. You could be sensitive to light, see glare around lights and halos everywhere.

Other blurry vision may be due to eyes getting dried up, lowered blood pressure, certain prescribed drugs, infection, inflammation, eye injury or nearsightedness.

Infections that are frequent

When the high blood sugar levels go beyond it will be uncontrollable. Common infections like influenza and pneumonia will be frequent. Stabilizing the sugar level is the best thing you can do through a better diet, sleep and exercise. Infections to the foot can be avoided by being careful and be more hygienic. Special hygienic shoes are also available. It will be ideal preventive measures to check each day for any blisters, cuts, sores or other skin problems that can prevent any future infection. Utmost care must be taken to prevent the foot from an ulcerated infection that could enter the bloodstream and bones to create a highly dangerous situation that could lead to amputation.

9

Skin problems

You are likely to get bacterial and fungal infections and itching of the skin due to poor circulation of the blood. Acanthosis Nigricans is a condition that happens to those with insulin resistance and has obesity. There will be discoloration in the neck, groins and armpits that will thicken the affected parts. This will lead to Type 2 Diabetes. If the insulin level is stabilized, this condition will resolve. There are other skin diseases too, in general, to take care of.

Conclusion

We must realize how deadly the Diabetes disease is and must start acting sensibly. Avoid cravings that will give us an urge to eat whatever we like, especially those with sugar. We need proper medication, a good diet, quality sleep and exercise that strengthens your body. Your energy levels will go high and your diabetes level will be stable. You must have hygiene when there is a wound under the foot and avoid any infections on other parts of the body. Take veggies more and junkies less. Listen to your heart, and help the body regain its senses by draining out all the diabetes problems in life. At least a natural and improved way of living will change your life.

Dr. Shin Fen Chow is an American Board of internal medicine certified doctor and a dedicated and diligent internist serving the community of West Orange. Dr. Chow obtained her medical degree from the University of Columbia and then completed her residency in internal medicine at Mayo Clinic, Rochester. She is a part of BHMG- center for Asian health and received many awards and scholarships like Dr. Charles F. Hamilton award in pulmonary medicine and Mead university scholarship from Columbia University in 1991 and 1987 respectively.

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