Diabetes

What Are The First Common Signs Of Diabetes? How Can It Be Cured?

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When left undiagnosed or untreated, high blood sugar from diabetes can even damage your kidneys, nerves, eyes and several other organs too. However, people still are not much aware of the early symptoms of diabetes and hence cannot tell if they are having the disease or not. Sometimes the warning signs can be so mild that it becomes a bit difficult to spot them but when looked closely, they are there. This especially holds true for type II diabetes.

 In the case of type I diabetes, usually, the symptoms happen pretty quickly, in a matter of a few weeks or even a few days. They are much more severe too. So, in order to prevent any future tragedies, let us know some of the early symptoms of diabetes.

Increased Appetite 

Fatigue

 Increased Thirst 

Dry-Mouth

Blurred Vision

Swelling

Weight Change 

What are the different Types of Diabetes?

The few different types of diabetes are given below:

  • Type I diabetes: This is an autoimmune disease that occurs mainly when your body stops producing insulin.
  • Type II diabetes: This type of diabetes occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin or stops responding to it properly.
  • Prediabetes: When your blood sugar level is higher than normal but not high enough for you to be diagnosed with type II diabetes, then you are known to have prediabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes: This kind of diabetes is mainly caused due to high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. During pregnancy, the placenta produces some insulin blocking hormones, which ultimately causes gestational diabetes.

Treatment For Diabetes

Doctors treat diabetes with a few types of medication. Some of the medication involves drugs taken by mouth while others can also be given as injections.

Treatment for Type I Diabetes

The main treatment for type I diabetes is none other than insulin. It replaces the hormone which your body can’t produce. Mainly there are 4 different types of insulin which are mostly used and are differentiated depending on how quickly they start to work as well as on how long their effects last. The 4 types of insulin are:

  • Rapid-acting insulin: It starts working within 15 minutes and effects last for around 3 to 4 hours.
  • Short-acting insulin: It starts working within 30 minutes and effects lasts for around 6 to 8 hours.
  • Intermediate-acting insulin: It starts working within 1 to 2 hours and effects lasts for 12 to 18 hours.
  • Long-acting insulin: It starts working a few hours after injection and effects last for 24 hours or longer.

Treatment for Type II Diabetes

Having a balanced and nutritious diet as well as doing proper exercise on a daily basis, can be a great help for people suffering from type II diabetes. If making healthy lifestyle changes is not enough to lower down the blood sugar levels significantly, then you would have to take medication. Some of the common types of drugs which are prescribed to lower the blood sugar level in case of type II diabetes are:

  • Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors
  • Biguanides
  • DPP-4 Inhibitors
  • Glucagon-like peptides
  • Meglitinides
  • SGLT2 inhibitors
  • Sulfonylureas
  • Thiazolidinediones

Treatment of Gestational Diabetes

It is important for people with gestational diabetes to monitor their blood sugar level several times a day and in case it is high, they need to make dietary changes or do some exercising to bring it down. Sometimes, women with gestational diabetes also need insulin to lower their blood sugar.

We hope that this information on diabetes is helpful for you! Do consult a doctor, to discuss these symptoms, and take medical guidance in this regard at the earliest you can. The sooner one can detect diabetes, the better than can maintain it.

Dr. Shin Fen Chow is an American Board of internal medicine certified doctor and a dedicated and diligent internist serving the community of West Orange. Dr. Chow obtained her medical degree from the University of Columbia and then completed her residency in internal medicine at Mayo Clinic, Rochester. She is a part of BHMG- center for Asian health and received many awards and scholarships like Dr. Charles F. Hamilton award in pulmonary medicine and Mead university scholarship from Columbia University in 1991 and 1987 respectively.

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